National Geographic : 2001 Sep
cassava, a mainstay of their diet, inside their clothes, where it stayed alive watered by the sweat of the tightly packed captives. They planted the cassava on Roatan, where it grew abundantly. Soon the Garifuna established fishing villages in Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Belize. Each year in Belize, when locals reenact the arrival in that land, they slip out to sea in boats, then ride the surf onto shore, waving palm fronds and banana leaves to symbolize the cas sava that sustained their ancestors. This ritual, rich in music and Yucatan dance, helps sustain Peninsula Garifuna culture. ncvr ) 4r~,Ir Belize City an Dangriga c. , ,1 . , .Se 4opkins Roatan Island Co Trujillo _. Coro'al im6o Plaplaya Eake AV GUATEMALSA EL SALVADOR NICARAGUA Garifuna communities in red Omi 100 Okm 100 NATIONALGEOGRAPHICMAPS 31796 British forces conquer the Garifuna and imprison them on Baliceaux, where more than half-perish. U.s. NORTH 'I AMERICA Today some 60 Gari funa fishing villages dot the Central Ameri can coast, but popu lation numbers are hard to pin down. Estimates range from 450,000 to fewer o than 100,000. This o year the Garifuna , were named a World S Heritage culture, a new United Nations •* designation that recognizes and urges protection for endan gered heritages. 2 1635 The ships wreck near St. Vincent. Soon Africans begin to mix with local Carib Indians. Their descendants are called Black Caribs or Garifuna. EUROPE CENTRAL S. , A( AMERICA Vincent/ Baliceaux 4 April 12, 1797 Exiled by Britain, the Garffuna reach Roatan Island. 1797 Today, Garifuna celebrate 5 Later that year the this as Arrival Day. Garifuna move to Trujillo, Honduras, from where they I' lific scatter along the Central American coast. SOUTH AMERICA I' ~ """