National Geographic : 2001 Sep
New Americans: Their Origins, Their Destinations Who is an immigrant?A per- 208 countries aroundthe "The Southwest attractshuge son from anothercountry who world (19 of which are noted numbers of them, but Hispan comes to the U.S. to take up below) were grantedperma- ics have been living therefor permanent residence. In 1998, nent resident status. The larg- centuries," says demographer the latest yearfor which immi- est group camefrom Mexio, Rebecca Clark. "After all, gration figures are available, boosting th H count o Spanish colonization began 660,477 such noncitizens from record sinth c . before 1600." ar vedf "-mily unificc Accounted for 57 per cent of immi grants to Hawaii. During the 1990s the U.S . population grew by 33 mil lion; about one-third'were immigrants. Hispanics sur passed blacks to become the nation's largest minority. 69.2% Asian/Pacific Islander 3.7% Multiracial 1.6% Other races 0.2% Native American 0.7% Biggest number. Does not include illegal aliens. New Jersey was the top destination for Peruvians. U.S . total is projected to exceed 400 million by 2050. The greatest increase will be among Asian/Pacific Hispanics, due in part Islander I to higher ubirthrates. Native American 8.9% 0.8% SOURCES:U.S.BUREAUOFTHECENSUS(PIECHARTS);MICHAELD. HOEFER,IMMIGRATIONANDNATURALIZATIONSERVICE(1998 WORLDMAP.1996-98U.S .MAPS.GRAPHS);CARLHAUB,POPULATIONREFERENCEBUREAU.NATIONALGEOGRAPHICMAPS perce alreac the U. tempt works aecona only to Mexico for immigrants Roughly half were refugees or asylum seekers. SMore than one-third were adopted children. peopl*r the U.S moved Canada.. the lar ,the exo ed up. Once a Most were refugees per mitted to leave. White 52.8% '\ oein one In lIve of New York State's new immigrants. Some 70 percent were immediate relatives of U.S. citizens. .= /* to U.S. Figure includes 5,275 from Hong Kong. One see were s sored by 5 employers.