National Geographic : 2006 Sep
RUSSIA RUST BELT GAMBLE Revitalizing Dongbei, as the Northeast is known, will test China's run of economic success (sequence below). The region's former strength-the ability of its state-owned enterprises to produce cars, steel, ships, and oil in the early days of the People's Republic has become a liability. Applying the formula that has worked elsewhere-foreign investment and export-driven growth the government has closed or partly privatized many industries and used investment from neighbors such as Japan and South Korea to build modern software and manufacturing plants. But with China's highest urban unemployment rate and widespread corruption, the Northeast will likely stumble, not sprint, toward success. - Fuxin )SHENYAN 7- -Y, , MANUFACTURIN nzob Anshn HEBEI 0 TIANJIN (TIENTSIN) INNER MONGOLIA RUSSIA NORTH KOREA Sea of Japan Dandong Zhanh :TEXTILES SZhuanghe Bo Hai un *alian Lushun MANUFACTURING Yellow Sea SOUTH KOREA Omi 100 0km 100 MARGUERITEB.HUNSIKER, JAMESE McCLELLAND,JR NGMMAPS GROWTH ENGINES 1932-1945 Japanese Occupation To fuel its war efforts, Japan introduced heavy industry to the region in the 1930s. 1949 Industrial Heartland With the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, Mao Zedong aimed to make China self-sufficient by turn ing Dongbei into a manufacturing center. 1979 Pearl River Delta In 1979 the first special economic zone, on the south coast, opened China to foreign investment. 1980s Yangtze River Delta Beginning in the 1980s, Shanghai emerged as a trading hub and magnet for foreign investment. 1999 Develop the West A campaign launched in 1999 sought to expand China's boom to the interior. 2003 Dongbei In 2003 China's leaders vowed to revive the indus trial Northeast.