National Geographic : 2018 Feb
N Linden Sumac Apple Locust Linden Stonecrop Cypress White sweet clover Linden Eucalyptus Pine Rosemary Sweet chestnut Rose Begonia Cedar Egyptian grass Clover 22% 22% 56% Conifers Flowering trees Flowers, grasses, and shrubs Los Angeles Boston New York San Francisco Washington, DC Portland, OR Seattle Year beekeeping became legal Regulation goes back to at least 1968. Year beekeeping was banned 1880-1965 2005 2015 2010 1995 2000 1985 1990 1975 1980 1970 1875 2017 Limit on number of hives Registration Fee Permit Current requirements City limits Recorded beehives (data available for Boston only) Urban green space Western honeybee, actual size DAISY CHUNG AND CLARE TRAINOR, NGM STAFF. SOURCES: NOAH WILSON-RICH, THE BEST BEES COMPANY; USGS PAD-US; U.S. CENSUS BUREAU; DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; CITIES OF BOSTON, LOS ANGELES, NEW YORK, SAN FRANCISCO, SEATTLE, AND PORTLAND, OREGON Making city bees legal Los Angeles outlawed hives in 1879 due to mis- guided fears that bees attacked fruit crops but joined other major U.S. cities when it legalized hives in 2015. Beekeep- ing was often present before city regulation. Currently most cities require that hives be kept a certain distance from property lines. What’s in city honey? A high diversity of plants—even nonflow- ering ones—helps bees thrive in cities. Insects that feed on sap-producing plants such as conifers expel honeydew, a sweet secretion that bees col- lect and make into honey. NEW YORK (303 sq mi) Even luxury hotels host hives: The InterContinental in Times Square uses its rooftop honey in cocktails. WASHINGTON, DC (61 sq mi) In a test to see where bees can prosper, D.C.’s wastewater treat- ment plant has four hives on its roof. PORTLAND, OR (133 sq mi) It’s called the City of Roses, and the flower is the most prominent plant in its honey DNA. SAN FRANCISCO (47 sq mi) Hospitable climate and residents combine with no restrictions to make the city a haven for bees. SEATTLE (84 sq mi) A leader in urban farming and sustainability, Seattle was an early adopter of beekeeping regulation.