National Geographic : 2017 Dec
JFMAMJJASOND JFMAMJJASOND JFMAMJJASOND JFMAMJJASOND JFMAMJJASOND JFMAMJJASOND JFMAMJJASOND JFMAMJJASOND JFMAMJJASOND 1 1 2 2 2 1 5 8 17 123 4 1 1 1 1 111 1 1 1 1 11 1 22 4 11 12 3 2 222 3 3 3 44 9 2 2 1 8 11 1 Holidays New Year celebration Size of the square represents the number of holidays HINDUISM 1 billion followers CHRISTIANITY 2.4 billion TAOISM 8.6 million ISLAM 1.7 billion JUDAISM 14.7 million SIKHISM 25.3 million BUDDHISM 516 million BAHA’I FAITH 7.9 million CONFUCIANISM 8.5 million 39 12 4 7 33 26 3 11 3 days per year days days days days days days days days SECULAR 9 SECULAR 5 U.S . 10 INDIA HOLIDAYS A YEAR 48 Estimates of followers as of 2015. Only days of observance widely celebrated across the religion or by most of its adherents are shown. All dates correspond to the solar calendar. Buddhist dates apply to holidays in most of East Asia; Tibet and Sri Lanka celebrate those holy days on differ- ent dates. In addition to its five main religions, India recognizes days for Jain- ism and Zoroastrianism. “Every year different countries will have a political battle over adding or changing a holiday,” says J. Gordon Melton, a professor of religion at Baylor University and author of the encyclope- dic Religious Celebrations. The establishment of the interna- tional date line in 1884 pushed holidays that used to begin at sunset to the next day in many countries. Today holiday scheduling can be influenced by things like economic productivity, which is the reason some celebrations move around each year to bookend a weekend. The only religious federal holiday in the U.S. is Christmas, while other coun- tries have a more inclusive approach to observance. In multi-theistic India, citi- zens can choose from a list of Christian, Muslim, Sikh, and Buddhist holidays, in addition to 28 recognized Hindu holi- days, to take off. “In the modern mixed religious environment, having holidays recognized by the government is a step toward public acceptance for smaller religious groups,” says Melton. Some religiously diverse countries like India formally recognize the holidays of both majority and minority religions. While Christians follow the Gregorian calendar, many traditions follow other calendar systems and celebrate the New Year during different months. NEW YEARS ALL YEAR ROUND India Out-Celebrates the U.S. SOURCES: J. GORDON MELTON, BAYLOR UNIVERSITY; PAUL MIRECKI, DANIEL STEVENSON, AND SAMUEL HAYIM BRODY, UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS; BRIAN COLLINS, OHIO UNIVERSITY; SIMRAN JEET SINGH, SIKH COALITION; GERALD FILSON AND CEDRIC GABER, BAHA’I COMMUNITY OF CANADA; JEFFREY RICHEY, BEREA COLLEGE; NATIONAL PORTAL OF INDIA; U.S. OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT; WORLD RELIGION DATABASE The Baha’i faith has no specific attire unique to its religion.