National Geographic : 2017 Sep
FRUITARIAN JUICEARIAN 3 OVO-VEGETARIAN API-VEGAN VEGAN RAW VEGAN 1 MACROBIOTIC 2 MEDITERRANEAN 5 POLLO-PESCATARIAN SPROUTARIAN PESCATARIAN OMNIVORE FREEGAN 6 PALEO 4 LACTO-OVO-VEGETARIAN Dairy Eggs Legumes Fruits Nuts & Seeds Grains Honey Fish Poultry Meat Vegetables CARNIVORE ( 1 ) RAW VEGANISM COMBINES THE CONCEPTS OF VEGANISM (NONANIMAL-ORIGIN FOOD) AND RAW-FOOD-ISM (FOODS COOKED AT OR BELOW 118°F). ( 2 ) SOME MACROBIOTIC DIET FOLLOWERS EAT LIMITED FISH AND SEAFOOD. ( 3 ) THERE ARE MANY VARIATIONS ON DIETARY APPROACHES TO NONANIMAL FOODS IN THE FRUITARIAN, JUICEARIAN, AND SPROUTARIAN GROUPS. ( 4 ) THE PALEO DIET FOCUSES ON FOODS AVAILABLE TO HUNTER-GATHERERS OVER 10,000 YEARS AGO. ( 5 ) FOLLOWERS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET CAN EAT RED MEAT OCCASIONALLY. ( 6 ) FREEGANS EAT RECOVERED FOOD AS PART OF A PHILOSOPHY OPPOSED TO CONSUMERISM. THE CHALLENGE OF A SOUND DIET IS DETERMINED BY THE VARIETY OF FOODS FREEGANS ARE ABLE TO FIND. ALBERTO LUCAS LÓPEZ, NGM STAFF; MICHELLE HARRIS. SOURCES: JENNIFER BRUNING, ACADEMY OF NUTRITION AND DIETETICS; JENNIFER NELSON, MAYO CLINIC | EXPLORE | HEALTH dietary plan can go astray. And getting proper nutrition from a restrictive diet can be challenging, if not impossible. The key, says registered dietitian nu- tritionist Jennifer Bruning, is to “find what you like, what you can afford, what works best for your body, and—most important—what you can stick to.” Bon appétit. If you love juice, there’s a diet just for you. Same with fruit, meat, and sprouted foods. The smorgasbord of eating op- tions today—from the mainstream to the fringy and faddish—means a culinary regimen exists for almost everyone. As this selective list shows, there’s a fair amount of overlap when it comes to food groups and ingredients. But any FOODS FOR THOUGHT By Jeremy Berlin ON THE MENU The arcs bracket the food groups generally allowed in each diet. Food variety is important for good nutrition. The arc colors show the nutri- tional challenge a diet poses: Most challenging Moderately challenging Somewhat Least This graphic is for illustrative purposes only and should not be considered health advice.