National Geographic : 2017 Jan
0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 Global Gender Gap Index FULL EQUALITY 1.0 World Economic Forum Gender Gap Index 1.0 FULL EQUALITY LESS EQUALITY 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 ...and in 2006 Gender gap score in 2015 COUNTRYRANK:MOREEQUAL LESSEQUAL ICELANDNORWAYFINLANDSWEDENIRELANDPHILIPPINESSWITZERLANDSLOVENIANEWZEALANDGERMANYNICARAGUANETHERLANDSDENMARKFRANCENAMIBIASOUTHAFRICAUNITEDKINGDOMBELGIUMLATVIAESTONIABOLIVIASPAINMOLDOVAUNITEDSTATESCANADALITHUANIALUXEMBOURGECUADORARGENTINAAUSTRALIAAUSTRIACOSTARICAPORTUGALITALYCOLOMBIABULGARIAPANAMATRIN.&TOB.KAZAKHSTANKENYATANZANIAPOLANDISRAELSINGAPOREBOTSWANAMONGOLIAUGANDATHAILANDLESOTHOELSALVADORGHANABANGLADESHJAMAICAUKRAINEMALAWIMACEDONIAALBANIAMEXICOCHILEMADAGASCARRUSSIAKYRGYZSTANROMANIAVENEZUELAHONDURASCZECHIAGEORGIABRAZILDOMINICANREP.GREECEPERUCHINAINDONESIAURUGUAYSLOVAKIAHUNGARYCYPRUSJAPANMALTAGUATEMALAPARAGUAYINDIACAMBODIANEPALMALAYSIABURKINAFASOS.KOREAZAMBIAKUWAITU.A.E.MAURITIUSBAHRAINETHIOPIANIGERIATUNISIAALGERIATURKEYMAURITANIASAUDIARABIAEGYPTMALIMOROCCOIRANCHADPAKISTANYEMENCROATIASRILANKAJORDAN Rank 1 10 20 60 70 30 40 50 80 100 90 109 GENDER GAP THE CURRENT The index is a snapshot of the disparity between the sexes. It measures the gap in four areas: health, education, economic participation, and politics. Health Health disparity increased in large economies such as India and China, widening the global gap by a fraction. HOW COUNTRIES ARE RANKED The index looks at the gender gap from several perspectives. It measures whether men and women have differing access to resources, such as education, regardless of a country’s wealth. It examines outcomes, like the proportion of women in high-skilled jobs. Countries are ranked based on how close they are to achieving equality. Education Twenty percent of nations offer equal access to education, up from 14 percent in 2006. Sub-Saharan Africa has the widest gap. Economic Participation This gap is slowly closing; North America, Latin America, and the Caribbean improved the most. Politics This gap is shrinking fastest, but it has the farthest to go. Quotas for women in politics are common in top- ranked countries. From 2006 to 2015 the gender gap widened in a handful of countries with red lines and names, like Sri Lanka. The index has regularly measured 109 countries between 2006 and 2015. Data constraints excluded other countries. GRAPHIC: ÁLVARO VALIÑO, KELSEY NOWAKOWSKI. SOURCE: WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM The situation varies in large, emerging markets. In China women participate in the economy at much higher rates than in India, but India has a narrower political gap. The Middle East and North Africa made the least progress toward equality, especially in economic participation. Most of the countries in the bottom 10 are from this region.