National Geographic : 2017 Jan
0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 Global Gender Gap Index FULL EQUALITY 1.0 World Economic Forum Gender Gap Index 1.0 FULL EQUALITY LESS EQUALITY 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 ...and in 2006 Gender gap score in 2015 COUNTRYRANK:MOREEQUAL LESSEQUAL ICELANDNORWAYFINLANDSWEDENIRELANDPHILIPPINESSWITZERLANDSLOVENIANEWZEALANDGERMANYNICARAGUANETHERLANDSDENMARKFRANCENAMIBIASOUTHAFRICAUNITEDKINGDOMBELGIUMLATVIAESTONIABOLIVIASPAINMOLDOVAUNITEDSTATESCANADALITHUANIALUXEMBOURGECUADORARGENTINAAUSTRALIAAUSTRIACOSTARICAPORTUGALITALYCOLOMBIABULGARIAPANAMATRIN.&TOB.KAZAKHSTANKENYATANZANIAPOLANDISRAELSINGAPOREBOTSWANAMONGOLIAUGANDATHAILANDLESOTHOELSALVADORGHANABANGLADESHJAMAICAUKRAINEMALAWIMACEDONIAALBANIAMEXICOCHILEMADAGASCARRUSSIAKYRGYZSTANROMANIAVENEZUELAHONDURASCZECHIAGEORGIABRAZILDOMINICANREP.GREECEPERUCHINAINDONESIAURUGUAYSLOVAKIAHUNGARYCYPRUSJAPANMALTAGUATEMALAPARAGUAYINDIACAMBODIANEPALMALAYSIABURKINAFASOS.KOREAZAMBIAKUWAITU.A.E.MAURITIUSBAHRAINETHIOPIANIGERIATUNISIAALGERIATURKEYMAURITANIASAUDIARABIAEGYPTMALIMOROCCOIRANCHADPAKISTANYEMENCROATIASRILANKAJORDAN Rank 1 10 20 60 70 30 40 50 80 100 90 109 GENDER GAP THE CURRENT | EXPLORE | THE GENDER ISSUE Since 2006, the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report has tracked progress toward ending gender inequality by measuring women’s and men’s ed- ucational attainment, health and survival, economic participation, and political empowerment. A decade of data shows that equality is closest to being achieved in health and education—10 countries have already reached that. But women still lag behind economically and politically: Not a single country has reached parity in those arenas. In some countries, particularly in the Middle East and North Africa, shrinking the economic gap means lowering the barriers that keep women from working outside the home. In others, like the United States, it entails getting more women into leadership roles—and increasing their pay. “What you can measure,” says the forum’s Saadia Zahidi, “you can address.” Progress can happen at any stage. Though Saudi Arabia has a notably large gender gap, it is one of the countries that have made the most relative progress toward improving women’s economic participation. Over the past 20 years, the number of women there graduating from college has risen significantly, and a recent government initiative encourages female employment. A country’s income level isn’t always a predictor of equality. Some rich places, such as Japan, South Korea, and Kuwait, rank in the bottom third of the index overall, while the Philippines and Nicaragua are in the top 15. WHERE IN THE WORLD ARE WOMEN AND MEN MOST—AND LEAST—EQUAL? By Kelsey Nowakowski The gender gap shrank over the past 10 years in most countries, as shown by the green lines. Countries with green names, like Slovenia, reduced the gap by more than 0.1 point. Nordic countries have made gender equality and social progress a core development goal. Iceland closed its education gap in 2009 and ranks first in political empowerment. The United States has a sizable wage gap although the majority of skilled workers are women. With fewer women in top political roles, its ranking fell eight places in 2015 data.