National Geographic : 2015 Apr
Mu reș DanubeTiszaOltPrutSiret Black Sea CARPATHIANMOUNTAINSCA RPATHIAN MTS. (TRA NSYLVANIAN ALPS) ApuseniMts. Battle of Tapae 101 Battle of Sarmizegetusa 105 Battle of Adamclisi 102 TRAJAN’S BRIDGE Durostorum (Silistra) Novae Oescus Viminacium Singidunum (Belgrade) Apulum (Alba Iulia) Potaissa (Turda) Lederata Dierna (Orșova) Aizis Berzobis (Berzovia) Drobeta (Drobeta-Turnu Severin) Castra Traiana (Sîmbotin) Sarmizegetusa LOWER MOESIA UPPER MOESIA SARMATIA DACIA ROMAN EMPIRE Gold deposits Silver deposits Roman fortress From their powerful realm north of the Danube River, the Dacians regularly raided the Roman Empire. In A.D . 101 Trajan fortified the border and invaded with tens of thousands of troops. Two years of war led to a negotiated peace, which the Dacians promptly broke. Trajan returned in 105 and crushed them. Trajan’s Dacian Wars In the first major battle Trajan defeated the Dacians (background) at Tapae. A storm indicated to the Romans (foreground) that the god Jupiter, with his thunderbolts, was on their side. 0mi 400 0km400 PRESENT-DAY BOUNDARIES SHOWN Roman Empire Dacia A.D. 100 SIA EUROPE ROMANIA Rome AFRICA ASIA M editerranean Sea Black Sea 0mi 40 0km 40 Roman, A.D . 101-102 Dacian, A.D . 101-102 Roman, A.D . 105-106 Approximate army routes MAP: JEROME N. COOKSON, ALEXANDER STEGMAIER, AND MATTHEW TWOMBLY, NGM STAFF ART: RADU OLTEAN SOURCES: IOANA A. OLTEAN, UNIVERSITY OF EXETER; JON COULSTON, UNIVERSITY OF ST. ANDREWS, SCOTLAND PRESENT-DAY CITY NAMES ARE IN PARENTHESES.