National Geographic : 2015 Mar
0mi 10 0km 10 Medit. Sea ATATÜRK DAM Paul Salopek’s walk route Border crossing Populated area with refugee presence Area of conflict and displacement Syrian refugee camp AMANOSMOUNTAINSAMANOSMOUNTAINS Karakuş Oylum Höyük To Siverek TURKEY SYRIA Şanlıurfa Suruç Mürşitpınar Ayn al Arab (Kobane) Nizip Birecik Mezraa Kilis Nizip 1 Kilis 1 Kilis 2 Nizip 2 Aleppo Antakya Gaziantep Atatürk Barajı Eu phrates RYAN MORRIS, NGM STAFF SOURCES: HUMANITARIAN INFORMATION UNIT, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE; UN OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS; UNHCR; OPENSTREETMAP *UNHCR FIGURES AS OF DECEMBER 2014; TURKISH GOVERNMENT ESTIMATES ARE HIGHER. Border Pains Turkey has accepted more than 1.6 million ethnic Arabs and Kurds from Syria since the start of the conflict there. Despite this notable hospitality, the human tide has overwhelmed some border cities, and by late 2014 the cost of caring for so many uprooted people reached $4.5 billion. By then anti-Syrian protests were erupting. The refugee camps known as Kilis 1 and Kilis 2 have a combined population of 38,000 Syrians. The nearby town has taken in 90,000 more. Fleeing an advance by Islamic State militants, more than 150,000 Syrian Kurds crossed the border near Mürşitpınar in three days last September. The city of Şanlıurfa was the birthplace of Abraham, legend says. Today it’s the capital of a province that hosts more than 400,000 Syrians. Turkey calls them guests, not refugees. 0mi 100 0km 100 AREA ENLARGED (below) Haifa June 24, 2014 Oct. 6, 2014 Siverek Travel by boat Mediterranean Sea GAZA STRIP WEST BANK NORTHERN CYPRUS IRAQ** 228,000 SYRIA 6,500,000 Internally displaced persons (IDPs) JORDAN 620,000 LEBANON 1,147,000 TURKEY 1,165,000* Refugees Jerusalem Amman Damascus Beirut Nicosia CYPRUS SAUDI ARABIA EGYPT ISRAEL **IN IRAQ AN ESTIMATED TWO MILLION PEOPLE ARE INTERNALLY DISPLACED.