National Geographic : 2014 Sep
0mi 0.5 0km 0.5 Ave nti neH il lPala tine H ill Capit ol ineHi ll Cael ia nHill Q uirinalHillViminalHillEsquilineHillOppianHillTiber Viewpoint in illustration Campus Martius (Campo Marzio) Colosseum today Domus Aurea, A.D. 64-68 Fire extent, A.D. 64 Nero’s Rome VIA O STIENSISTOVIAFLAMINIA N Roman Forum Baths Lake Esquiline Wing Circus Maximus Baths Octagonal Room Esquiline Wing Rooms shown on the next page Roman Forum Tiber River GRAND AMBITION Circus Maximus In A.D. 64 a fire broke out at Rome’s largest stadium. It raged through the city for nine days. Palatine Hill Imperial residences were situated here from about 30 B.C . to the time of Constantine, in the fourth century A.D . Man-made lake This boating venue was drained shortly after Nero’s death to make way for the amphitheater now called the Colosseum. GRAPHICS: FERNANDO G. BAPTISTA AND MATTHEW TWOMBLY, NGM STAFF; PATRICIA HEALY. TEXT: A. R . WILLIAMS, NGM STAFF. ART: JAIME JONES. MAPS: LAUREN E. JAMES, NGM STAFF. 3 -D RENDERING (DOMUS AUREA): PROGETTO KATATEXILUX SOURCES: LARRY BALL, UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, STEVENS POINT; MARIANNE BERGMANN, INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD, NEW YORK UNIVERSITY (COLOSSUS); A. T. CROOM (CLOTHING); DIANA KLEINER, YALE UNIVERSITY; ALESSANDRO VISCOGLIOSI, “LA SAPIENZA” UNIVERSITY OF ROME 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 Colosseum Named for the Colossus of Nero, the arena became a symbol of the empire. See an animated graphic on our digital editions.