National Geographic : 2014 Apr
123 national geographic • month 2012 To uncover the barge, which they named Arles- Rhône 3, archaeologists had to excavate a Roman trash dump that was itself a rich trove. Amphorae (right) made up the bulk of it, but there were other relics of daily life: a ceramic pitcher in the shape of a dog; an iron sword; a bone-handled knife; and the decorative tip of a hairpin, also carved from bone. MuSÉE DÉPARTEMENTAl ARlES ANTIquE (All ABOVE): PITChER, 10 INChES lONG; SwORD, 19 IN; kNIFE, 5.3 IN; hAIRPIN, 1.5 IN TEDDy SEGuIN AND lIONEl ROux (RIGhT) working in water rarely this clear—“we were groping around in a labyrinth,” says archaeologist Sabrina Marlier—divers brought up thousands of clay jars known as amphorae. This Spanish one carried fish sauce.